Artificial intelligence and machine learning are two aspects of computer science that are linked.
These two technologies are the most popular when it comes to developing intelligent systems. Despite the fact that these are two related technologies that are sometimes used interchangeably, they are nonetheless two distinct names in some situations.
On a broad level, we can distinguish AI and ML as follows:
“Machine learning is an application or subset of AI that allows machines to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. AI is a larger idea that aims to produce intelligent machines that can replicate human thinking capabilities and behavior.”
Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that aims to create a computer system that can think like a human. It is made from of the words “artificial” and “intelligence,” which together signify “human-made thinking ability.”
As a result, we can define it as,
“Artificial intelligence (AI) is a technology that allows us to build intelligent systems that imitate intelligence.”
Artificial intelligence systems do not need to be pre-programmed; instead, they employ algorithms that function in conjunction with their own intellect. Reinforcement learning algorithms and deep learning neural networks are examples of machine learning algorithms. Siri, Google’s AlphaGo, AI in chess, and other applications of AI are all examples.
AI can be divided into three categories based on its capabilities:
- Weak AI
- General AI
- Strong AI
We are now dealing with both weak and general AI. Strong AI is the AI of the future, and it is predicted that it will be more intelligent than humans.
Artificial intelligence can do a lot of things, but it hasn’t yet mastered the capacity to communicate with people on an emotional level. Let’s look at some examples of artificial intelligence in action to learn more about it.
A good example of AI is an industrial robot. To avoid costly downtime, industrial robots can check their own accuracy and performance and sense or detect when repair is required. It can also act in a new or unfamiliar setting.
Personal assistant tools, which are Human-AI interaction gadgets, are another kind of AI.
Google Home, Apple’s Siri, Amazon’s Alexa, and Microsoft’s Cortana are the most popular personal assistants.
Users can use these personal assistants to look up information, book hotels, add events to calendars, answer queries, plan meetings, and send messages or emails, among other things.
Machine Learning (ML)
The goal of machine learning is to extract knowledge from data. It can be defined as follows:
“Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that allows machines to learn without being explicitly taught from past data or experiences.”
Without being explicitly coded, machine learning allows a computer system to generate predictions or make decisions based on historical data. Machine learning makes use of a large amount of structured and semi-structured data in order for a machine learning model to produce reliable results or make predictions based on it.
Machine learning is based on an algorithm that learns on its own with the use of previous data.
It only works for restricted domains; for example, if we create a machine learning model to detect dog pictures, it will only return results for dog pictures; however, if we add fresh data, such as a cat picture, it will become unresponsive.
Machine learning is utilized in a variety of applications, including online recommender systems, Google search engines, email spam filters, and Facebook auto friend tagging suggestions, among others.
It can be divided into three types:
- Supervised learning
- Reinforcement learning
- Unsupervised learning
In machine learning, learning refers to a machine’s ability to learn from data, as well as an ML algorithm’s ability to train a model, assess its performance or accuracy, and then generate predictions.
For example, supervised machine learning techniques like Random Forest and Decision Trees can be used to train a system.
The goal of machine learning is to allow machines to learn from their own data and make accurate predictions.Let’s look at some Machine Learning examples to learn more.
Machine learning tools are available on most e-commerce platforms, and they provide product recommendations based on previous data. For example, if you search for machine learning books on Amazon and then purchase one, when you return after a set length of time, Amazon’s home page will display a list of machine learning books.
It also provides suggestions based on what you’ve liked, what you’ve placed to your cart, and other similar actions.
Email Spam and Malware Filtering
Spam (unwanted commercial bulk email) has become a major issue for internet users.
Machine learning algorithms are being used by the majority of email service providers to automatically learn and identify spam emails and phishing messages. Gmail and Yahoo mail spam filters, for example, do more than just look for spam emails based on pre-defined algorithms.
As they continue their spam filtering activities, they build new rules based on what they’ve learnt.
Differences Between AI and ML
Let’s look at the main distinctions between these terms:
- AI is a technology that simulates human intellect, and machine learning (ML) is a branch of AI that permits learning without pre-programming from past experience or data.
- The basic goal of artificial intelligence is to construct a smart computer system that solves problems in the same way that a human brain does. The purpose of machine learning is to extract information from data and provide an accurate response.
- AI necessitates the development of intelligence systems capable of solving problems in the same way that humans do.Machine learning aids in teaching machines to perform a specific activity and produce a clear output.
- Deep learning (DL) is a subset of machine learning (ML), which is a primary subfield in AI.
- When compared to machine learning, artificial intelligence offers a much broader range of applications.
- People utilize AI to create intelligent systems that can solve a variety of difficult issues and tasks. Machine learning is the process of teaching machines to do specific jobs.
When ML is focused on accuracy, AI seeks to maximize the possibilities of success.
To summarize, artificial intelligence is a computer system that is extremely complicated.
This system is intended for use in the context of complex jobs that necessitate making difficult judgments. The decisions were made using a machine that resembled human intelligence.
Machine learning, on the other hand, is a branch of artificial intelligence that teaches computers to make predictions. It also produces precise findings based on specific data or experience. It means that all machine learning is artificial intelligence, but not all artificial intelligence is machine learning.